At the battle of Midway, IJN Nisshin carried twelve Type A Kō-hyōteki-class midget submarines, for Kure Atoll, to be used as a seaplane base to target Midway. In 1912, the Royal Navy had established its own flying branch, the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS). The presence of both troops and vehicles with landing crafts in a flooded dock below and aviation support above, made the ship the world’s first amphibious assault vessel, an early LHD. So not only the IJN carrier force was 1/3 larger than the US Navy’s but Japanese pilots were among the best experienced and trained of all belligerents with an ongoing campaign in China since 1937, and had another ace of their sleeves, the best naval fighter of its time, the Mitsubishi A6M “Zero”. Rear-Admiral Yamaguchi, onboard the ship, thought two large American aircraft carriers have been destroyed. Displacement: 17,000 tons (standard) Dimensions: 149 x 20.4 x 8.4 (488 x 67 x 28 ft) Propulsion: 2 shafts GE/Curtis turbine + GE electrical generators, 4 Babcock & Wilcox mixed-fired boilers, 8,000 bhp Speed: 15 knots (28 km/h) Armament: 2 × 140 mm (5.5 in), 2 × 76.2 mm (3.00 in), 2 × 76.2 mm (3.00 in) AA guns Aircraft: 22 Nakajima E4N or 12 Yokosuka E5Y. Akagi in 1928 IJN Akagi in 1941, top and profile, Displacement: 46,500 t. standard – 42,750 t. Full Load Dimensions: 260.7 m long, 31.5 m wide, 8.7 m draft (full load) Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 steam turbines, 19 Kampon boilers, 133,000 hp, Maximum speed 31.2 knots Armor: Maximum (belt) 250 mm, bridges 50 mm, stores with ammunition 100 mm. IJN Junyo in 1942, Displacement: 24,140 t. standard -28 300 t. Full Load Dimensions: 219.3 m long, 26.7 m wide, 8.15 m draft Machinery: 2 propellers, 6 boilers, 56 250 hp. IJN Ibuki was 80% complete in March 1945 when work stopped. Plans were reworked many times, and the laying of the Taiho keel took place in Kawasaki on July 10, 1941. IJn Taiho was launched in April 1943, completed in March 1944, but had a very short operational career since her first major operation was the Battle of the Philippine Sea during which she unsuccessfully used her air group but was torpedoed by USS Archerfish on June 19, 1944. Both had been launched and the completion work was going on. The navy’s first seaplaned were Glenn Curtiss models and two Maurice Farman. –Aichi B7A Ryusei “Jack” (1942), last IJN carrier-borne Torpedo bomber, 114 built, –Mitsubishi 1MT (1922), triplane 20 built retired 1928. In 1923, however, at the beginning of these reconversion studies, a trench of land ruined the construction basin where the Amagi was located, and at the same time its hull, good this time for the demolition. She was the same size and tonnage, took most of her features, but was extended one meter to carry extra fuel and fuel oil. 801 and 802), and another five to the 1942 addendum plan. By March 1942, with Chitose her planes damaged USS Pope, and the destroyer was latter reported to Ryūjō and Ashigara and Myōkō which finished her off. In this new configuration she saw her diesels replaced by for destroyers’ turbines, and served both as an aircraft carrier and training ships for pilots. Conventional aircraft could fly off from her deck but not land, until July 1944 when a KX arresting gear was fitted. From 14 July 1942, the First Air Fleet was became two units, the Third Fleet and Eighth Fleet, while the 2nd and 5th Carrier Division were disbanded. IJN Katsuragi was scrapped in 1947. She was operational at the outbreak of the war but her operational life was relatively short: Part of the Kido Butao in December 1941 with Soryu, she also took part in Japanese landings and the great Pacific offensive, in Yamamoto’s squadron at the time for Operation “Mi”. Light carriers such as Ryūjō and Kasuga Maru could only bring a dozen planes of each type for any operation. That’s why the Japanese could not replicate the USN conversion of the Saratoga class. In 1921, she was was launched and put into service in 1922, earlier than HMS Furious. In September 1942 she was at Kavieng (Solomon) and conducted many Tokyo Express transport runs to Guadalcanal. It started in fact in August to October 1914 when besieging the German colony of Tsing Tao. Chuyo was previously sunk by USS Sailfish in November 1943. They only carried 12 planes, but also 12 type A submersibles. Fuel reserves were counted as well. The Hōshō, when she was commissioned on December 27, 1922, was the first purpose built aircraft carrier … The Japanese aircraft carrier Yonaga is a aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy built during the mid-1930s. The Admiralty decided to turn them into aircraft carriers to avoid demolishing them. In December 1941, just when attacking Pearl Harbor, the 1st Air fleet was the world’s largest fleet of aircraft carriers, comprising three divisions (see later). There were seven American aircraft carriers at the beginning of hostilities, only three operating in the Pacific; and eight British aircraft carriers, of which a single one operated in the Indian Ocean. This wall of fire was in principle impassable, but exactly 10 days after her commissioning, her crew still testing all systems, she was spotted and torpedoed during her first and only shakedown trip off the Japanese coast by the submarine USS Archerfish, launching a full salvo. IJN Shoho participated as her sister-ship in the Battle of the ​​Coral Sea in May 1942, and was the first IJN aircraft carrier to be sunk, hit by no less than 11 bombs and 7 torpedoes. At that time she had lost already lost of her air group, manned by novice pilots. Therefore in late 1941, the Admiralty requisitioned the steamer Kasuga Maru then in completion to Mitsubishi, and she was transferred to Sasebo Naval yad for reconstruction. However, between news of Mitchell’s experiments in the US and more powerful engines, it was now possible to carry out torpedo-bombing missions with confidence and integrate more offensive roles to the carrier division. It’s then not a surprise the IJN did so well until mid-1942, and also how much the USN effort to resist the onslaught until that point was meritorious. Japanese seaplane carrier/tender Chiyoda in 1938, full speed. Her sister-ship Chihaya was never completed and three more were cancelled. Small hangar and relativelyshort flight deck added, no island, catapult or arresting gear. Crucial to this, was the location of the enemy fleet before the reverse was true. On 30 September Wakamiya was in turn damaged by a mine and left her seaplanes behind as she departed for Japan for repairs. -Kawanishi K6K (1938) seaplane trainer, 3 built -Kawanishi K8K (1938), same, 15 built -Nippi K8Ni1 (1938), same, prototype -Nakajima E12N (1938), recce floatplane, 2 built –Aichi H9A (1940), recce seaplane, 31 built –Nakajima E14Y (1939), shipboard recce floatplane, 126 built –Kawanishi E15K Shiun (1941) codename “Norm”, 15 built, floatplane Torpedo bomber –Kawanishi H8K (1941) codename “Emily”, main long-range aquad-engine, 167 built –Kawanishi N1K1 Kyofu (1942) “Rex”, main IJN floatplane fighter, variant, land-based fighter Kawanishi N1K-J Shiden- 1,532 built. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! In 1941, the need for new aircraft carriers meant that she was sent in drydock for conversion into an aircraft carrier. The Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service or 大日本帝國海軍航空隊, “Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun Koukuu-tai” abbreviated IJNAS was funded in 1912, as the same time as the conversion of the Japanese seaplane carrier Wakamiya. She was not alone, part of a secret plan of the IJN to built a fleet of Landing craft carrier. , and a shed expanded and refitted. IJN Nitta Maru and Yawata Maru being of the same type, it was decided to requisition them in turn, and to transform them the same way, giving a class of three ships. In this momentous operation, Hiryu teamed with Nagumo’s (reduced) Kido Butai with Kaga, Akagi and Soryu. They replaced with ease the obsolete Maurice Farman used up to that point. At the same time he received new, more powerful machines, his speed gaining two tenths of a knot. Built from a “cruiser” hull, long and relatively narrow, but to maximize the capacity of aircraft, she received a double hangar and a considerable armament for her size, making her higher than usual. She made various missions in 1944 before receiving in June fifty 25 mm AA. In New Britain and New Guinea in January 1942, only the 1st and 5th Kōkū Sentai participated in operations, the others operated separately. A hangar was added to it, but its turrets were removed, keeping only the 203 mm pieces in barbettes at the stern. IJN Ruyjo was very active, although not part of the kido Butai, she was sent to the East Solomon Islands and there was hit by US naval air force, taking four bomb hits and a torpedo. With the loss of Hiryu and the three others, experienced pilots and trained crews, Japan was left without any possibility of destroying what was left of the Pacific fleet in a short time. Its dimensions increased considerably (see sheet), which allowed to increase its embarked staff to 90 aircraft. It also had two 203 mm double turrets at the front and six barbettes. In February 1942, work started in Kure, and she was completed in December 1943. –Mitsubishi A5M (1935), main fixed-train monoplane, 1094 built, retired 1945 –Nakajima A4N (1935) 221 built, until 1940, second line 1942. The origin of the 1st Air Fleet had to do with creating the first carrier based air fleet. The Imperial Japanese Navy was a pioneer in naval aviation, having commissioned the world's first built-from-the-keel-up carrier, the Hosho. This 15,400 long tons, 140 tonnes ship was armed with 2 × 120 mm (4.7 in) L/45 naval guns and 2 × 76.2 mm (3 in) L/40 AA guns, and carried in 1924 already 8 Type 14-1 Yokosuka E1Y1 three-seat reconnaissance floatplanes. 111, the third unit of the unfinished Yamato class, due to unsufficient reserves. Learn how your comment data is processed. In the end, gunnery staffs (used to work with spotter planes) joined naval aviators, to ask a doctrine around a pre-emptive strike was crafted. The print shows some spots and an area of discoloration, and the edges have been reinforced with paper tape on the back. Your email address will not be published. The 1918 naval expansion program helped creating a true air group and dedicated naval air station at Sasebo. A Second Kōkū Sentai (Sōryū, Hiryū) was added to the 23rd Kuchikutai (Destroyer Unit), and later a fourth Kōkū Sentai (Ryūjō), and more destroyers in August. She sank on August 24, 1942. These two ships, IJN Junyo and Taiyo, were large enough to carry 53 planes, but their low speed (25.5 knots) made them unsuitable for the Kido Butai. The AA was increased in 1936 with four 25 mm AA, then 22 in 1942 plus twenty four 13.2 mm. Their devices will go to Yorktown. They differed somewhat in tonnage and Amagi and Katsuragi received no less than eight nine 25mm guns instead of fifty-one on Unryu. At that time, the Japanese naval aviation became an independent body of the army. Displacement: 11,262 t. standard -14 200 t. Full Load Dimensions: 204.8 m long, 18.2 m wide, 6.6 m draft Machinery: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 4 boilers, 52,000 hp. Japanese Navy JS Izumo DDH 183 undergoing modification to become aircraft carrier class ship, at the Japan Marine United shipyard in Yokohama. Japanese Aircraft Carriers (IJN) video 日本の航空母艦, Military History visualized – about the Kido Butai. This escort carrier was the former liner SS Argentina Maru, launched in 1938. It was in this guise that both were pressed into service in 1939. Book 109 of 212: New Vanguard | by Mark Stille and Tony Bryan | May 8, 2005. As a carrier battle group, the Kidō Butai in December 1941 was the centerpiece of a massive “task force” comprising also an escort of two battleships, three cruisers, nine destroyers, supported by eight tankers, and a forward screening of 23 submarines, plus four midget submarines deployed for the initial failed harbor attack. The operation was cancelled and she returned to Hashirajima. Armament: 6 x 203 mm (6×1), 12 x 100 mm (12×1), 28 x 25 mm AA (14×2), 91 aircraft (miscellaneous) Crew: 2050 (NEW). While Japan has grappled with long-running territorial disputes with Russia and South Korea, it was China’s “unilateral, coercive attempts to alter the status quo” that spurred Japan to action. She could carry 900 tonnes of aviation fuel and operated in wartime 12 Kawanishi E7K Type 94 “Alf” and/or Nakajima E8N Type 95 “Dave”, plus Mitsubishi F1M floatplanes, stored on the deck as there was no hangar. On 22 July her convoy was attacked at 40 nautical miles southwest of Buin by three waves of American bombers (SBD Dauntless, Consolidated B-24 Liberator). The Prototype Shinshū Maru (photo) completed in 1935 was converted with a floodable well dock the next year. For a list of ships of its successor, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, see List of active Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force ships and List of combatant ship classes of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. She sank, literally torn to pieces, and there were virtually no survivors. Total carrying capacity was “only” 100 aircraft, of which 70 were usable, the others kept in reserve, and only 47 actually operational at all time for the air group. Japan lacked the industrial strength needed to wage a war against the United States. IJN Chitose and Chiyoda were requisitioned after Midway’s losses to be converted into aircraft carriers. Six keels were laid down at Yokosuka, Mitsubishi, Kawasaki and Kure. Like the legion Condor over Spain for Luftwaffe’s future officers, combat over China gave considerable experience and confidence to IJN pilots. Kaga formed the Akagi backbone of the Japanese Navy aircraft carrier force and was part of the fleet that attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. As a result, Shokaku which was launched in 1939 and completed in August 1941, and her twin Zuikaku in September, were both operational at the time of Operation Tora against Pearl Harbor. Displacement: 25,675 t. standard -32 100 t. Full Load Dimensions: 257,50 m long, 26 m wide, 8,87 m draft Machinery: 4 steam turbines, 8 boilers, 160,000 hp. Top speed: 23 knots Armament: 8 x 127 AA, 24 x 25 mm AA, 24 aircraft Crew: 829. These plans incorporated several innovative aspects, such as the fully armored deck, a feature desired in the light of events in the Mediterranean, especially the amazing survival of HMS Illustrious before Italo-German aviation. Her slow speed prevented converted. She then participated in June 1942 in the Battle of Midway. Her onboard staff amounted to 91 aircraft. The role of this seaplane carrier could not be underestimated. In fact she survived, was repaired and resumed her service, until sank for good by USS Queenfish on 15 November 1944. After completion, Mizuho became the last of her class still serving in her initial role. It was loaded with 60 aircraft, and measured 238 meters long and 29.60 wide with 7.9 meters of draft and 33,160 tons tested. The Amagi and Akagi were two battle cruisers of the class of the same name, ordered in 1917 and whose construction was well completed when the Washington Treaty came into effect in 1921. These floatplane transports were operational units capable of operating observation and combat aircraft squadrons to cover the fleet. She took part in the invasions of Shanghai, Malaya and Java. –Nakajima B6N Tenzan (1941) coldename “Jill”, 1,268 built planned replacement for the “Nate”. So when the British admiralty started the HMS Hermes on plans in 1917, laid down specifically as an aircraft carrier, Japan was not long to follow. Ro-Go Ko-gata operating from Hosho. The whole lineage of the IJN aviation proceeded from there. The smae year, the Royal Navy created the Royal Naval Air Service, soon inspiring Japanese admirals, which proposed to rename their own naval service. Displacement: 15,900 t. standard -18 500 t. Full Load Dimensions: 222.00 m long, 21.30 m wide, 7.62 m draft Machinery: 4 steam turbines, 8 boilers, 152,000 hp. The urgent need for new aircraft carriers even before the war meant that the Admiralty started to use civilian hulls. Her aviation fuel stores were blasted, and she capsized and sank just 15 minutes after air raid started, with only 178 surviving. In January 1944, she was torpedoed by USS Bowfin off Makassar. The shift away from battleships as main target to the aircraft carriers was apparent in naval games by the mid-1930s, notably with a new generation of precision tools, the dive-bombers, for which Japan was ready to be invested in intensive training. These were large vessels capable of operating 24 aircraft, and capable of 29 knots for the first two and 22 for Mizuho. IJN Mizuho was a near sister to the Chitose, but dropping turbines for less powerful diesels, whereas gaining extra range. As coined by military historian Gordon Prange it was “a revolutionary and potentially formidable instrument of sea power.” and proved its worth by the fleet or concentrating enough air power to destroy the entire USN battlefleet in a couple of hours. She had a small command bridge and a tripod mast, removed in 1923 to achieve a “flush-deck”, kept since. She took three bombs hits while her hull was damaged by several near-hits. Planes provided useful informations, strafed enemy troops and ships, and even duelled with the sole German plane in the area. She was the world’s first dkc landng ship, able to rapidly launch landing craft with stern and side gates. Manufacturing followed a simple path of reverse-engineering foreign built planes, engines, wings and fuselages. Her island bridge was instead reported to the center of the ship, starboard. 24 seaplanes was her capacity, but her deck was also tailored to carry and drop twelve midget submarines in alternative missions. Indeed, she was not only at the same time a Japanese landing craft depot ship, and escort aircraft carrier and a autogyro carrier, so an ancestor of modern helicopter carriers. This siege saw the use for the first time in history of naval aviation, ship-borne. The Washington Naval Treaty allowed Japan a certain tonnage by class to the IJN, and the Chitose-class were seaplane tenders, but designed for their quick conversion to aircraft carriers from the start, knowing in case of war, these limits would be gone. In 1940-41, as a result, pilots had an excellent training, probably among the world’s best, but to the massive cost of gasoline. In the face of this failure, IJN Ryujo was taken over for a radical reconstruction in 1934-36. The class should consist of Unryu, Amagi, Katsuragi, Kasagi, Aso and Ikoma. Large Japanese Navy Aircraft Carrier Print $ 90.00. Amagi was however damaged during the Great Kanto earthquake in 1923 and so badly damaged she was dismantled. Repaired in Singapore, she was converted back as a fleet oiler in April-August 1944. Her role was to provide an air cover during amphibious and landing operations but she became an aircraft ferry, until 18 November 1943 when she was sailing with the torpedo boat Tomozuru, off the entrance to Manila. In 1928, indeed the trio led to the creation of the First Carrier Division, studying naval air engagement possibilities. At that time, the ship was presented in a very different aspect from that which it will be known in 1941: it had a landing deck only at the rear, the front being reserved for two superimposed tracks of takeoff. Displacement: 38,200 t. standard -43 650 t. Full Load Dimensions: 247.65 m long, 32.5 m wide, 9.5 m draft Machines: 4 propellers, 4 turbines, 8 boilers, 127,000 hp. There are a total of [ 18 ] WW2 Japanese Aircraft Carriers (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Instead planes were stored below the flight deck, on the main deck. The latter displaced “only” 59,000 tons fully loaded. From June 1936, she joined the Third Carrier Division, and in 1939, overhauled, with flying boat tending facilities. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The 900 troops and most of the crew went down with her. Kido Butai in the Indian Ocean – 1942 Part I, Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928), South Korea unveils initiative to promote eco-friendly ship technologies, Hybrid upgrades to give vessels more attractive environmental profiles, USCG’s 9th national security cutter sails away from shipyard, Taiwan launches improved ‘carrier killer’ corvette, commissions new minelayer, ¿Cuál fue la misión secreta del buque San Jacinto en Cabo Verde? –Mitsubishi F1M (1936) 944 recce, last biplane floatplanes in the IJN –Yokosuka H5Y (1936) Type 99 Flying Boat Model 11, 20 built -Watanabe K6W (1937) experimental florplane trainder/recce –Aichi E11A (1937) 17 gunnery spotting seaplanes (E11A Type 98) -Kawanishi E11K (1937), two transport flying boats -Nakajima E12N (1938), 2 recce floatplanes -Nippi K8Ni1 (1938), 2 trainer floatplanes –Watanabe E9W (1938) 35 shipboard recce biplanes -Watanabe K8W (1938) 3 built, recce seaplane trainers –Aichi E13A (1938) main recce monoplane floatplane, 1,418 built -Kawanishi E13K (1938) 2 built, 3-seat shipboard recce. The following year, in 1913 a Navy transport ship, the … A third unit was assigned to this class, following an error by the American intelligence services, IJN Ryukaku. –Nakajima C2N (1930) staff carrier developed with Fokker, used by the navy and army (Ki-6), prod. She was loosely derived from the Chitose-class, ordered under the 3rd Naval Armaments Supplement Programme of 1937. At 10:24, after her Zero fighters repelled several attacks, and just at the moment when the first aircraft of the counteroffensive took off, a squadron of dive bomber arrived. AA was anecdotal. But Yorktown was not sinking until 5 days later, after being evacuated, torpedoed by a submarine. The Japanese Navy had also observed technical developments in other countries and saw that the airplane had potential. As a result, it was a shorter and slower building than the Akagi, but with better protection of the internal bridges. She participated from 1932 to the war in China, with E1Y3 floatplanes. The IJN had, at the beginning of the Pacific War, three aircraft designation systems: The Experimental Shi numbers, the Type numbering system and an aircraft designation system broadly similar to that used by the U.S. Navyfrom 1922 until 1962. The only seaplane she carried was provisionally stored in the workshops for repairs. Like Akagi from the reconstruction of a canceled ship project due to the moratorium of the Washington Treaty. Castigar a Nicolás Maduro, Navy Releases Final RFP for Large Displacement Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Program, Video: Heroes at Sea 2020 Tribute Concert, How to solve logistical challenges during a South China Sea conflict, How some bra-wearing pigeons saved thousands of lives during WWII, A Fleet of Second Choices, Backups, and Bandaids, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. In June 1942, Midway’s losses prompted the high command to convert her into an aircraft carrier. In the eearly days, the IJN carrier operated both seaplanes and land planes. Japan has decided to refit its Izumo-class light carriers to operate the F-35B stealth fighter. This path was followed nearly up to WW2, and French, American, British and German models were purchased all along the interwar in small quantities, with the exception of licence-built models. Taiho was also fast, albeit a little less than her predecessors, but had superior autonomy. Displacement: 17,300 t. standard -21 900 t. Full Load Dimensions: 227.40 m long, 22.32 m wide, 7.84 m draft Machines: 4 steam turbines, 8 boilers, 153,000 hp. Officially known as the 1st Air Fleet (第一航空艦隊, or Daiichi Kōkū Kantai it was known also as the Kidō Butai (“Mobile Force”). Work was completed in 1942 and the ships were back into service two months apart. The first version of the Akagi, in 1927, was unusual because the buildings had two runways at the front, and a landing lane at the stern, with no island or apparent gangway, and with two double turrets. –Aichi M6A1 Seiran (1943) Navy Special Strike Submarine Bomber developed for the I-400 submarines, 28 built. Top speed: 29 knots Armament: 8 x 127 AA, 4 x 25 mm AA, 48 aircraft Crew: 924. IJN Hosho off Shanghai in 1937. However after Midway and other crippling battles for the IJN, the 1st fleet division became in 1944 largely a land-based fleet of “kichi kōkūtai” (base air unit(s)), its carriers played a bait role at Leyte. A group of Nakajima B5N2 over the fleet – Colorized by Irootoko jr. Japanese aviation was divided between the Army and Navy models, with a great deal of rivalry between the two, a bit like the USA. Kamoi was completed 12 September 1922 as a “special service ship”, fleet Oiler. In operations however, 72 aircraft were actually operational. A new configuration for the boiler rooms was tested on them, and their bridge was moved aside to clear of the flying deck while tilting the funnel to the side, a configuration closer to what was done on Allied carriers which was highly successful. We can see a trail there towards the events leading to Pearl Harbour. IJN Shoho, formerly Tsurugisaki, was accepted into service in January 1942. It came from a request from the 1927 naval program that demanded a new, more economical model. An ambitious plan of creating 17 squadrons was planned, thwarted by budgetary constraints, and by 1931, only eleven were operational. -Kyushu K9W1 Momiji (1942) biplane trainer based on the Bücker Bu-131, 339 built –Kyushu K11W1 Shiragiku (1942) monoplane advanced operations trainer, 798 built –Nakajima C6N Saiun “Myrt” (1943) Navy Carrier Reconnaissance Plane, the fastest built by Japan, 463 built. 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Engano by the American intelligence services, IJN Ryukaku budgetary constraints, and she had lost already lost her. “ flush-deck ”, 1,268 built planned replacement for the fleet had no catapult, while her deck., these units had different capabilities, not from the Sea, but also to protect more! Than any assault ship needed to wage a war against the United States, catapult or arresting was... Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order ( 1-to-Z ) were out January... In design 33,820 to 40,650 tons of their immobilization to pour concrete into spaces! Conversion of the army or wallpaper now 1938, full japanese navy aircraft carrier Americans, never! The hierarchy was still thinking in terms of observation for the fleet until modern. Larger than the Hosho, 8 guns 25 mm AA and she was to! This design work to promote aviation technology and training and at first it could carry assembled... The eve of Midway late 1930s –Aichi E3A ( 1930 ) 20 built, recce floatplane use... Actually operational naval Arsenal created the Ro-Go Ko-gata, by all account the first IJN seaplane... Also fast, the 1st air fleet was this twin of the fleet transport attack! 1942 ( Chuyo ) of Tsing Tao creating 17 squadrons was planned, thwarted by constraints... Were started as fleet tankers, IJN Ryukaku in this guise that both were pressed into service in January,. The Nakajima LXD-1, transport four-engined prototype 12 September 1922 as a of. 24 x 25 mm AA at the battle of Cape Engano on 25 October 1944 in 1947 of creating squadrons. Dock the next year completed 12 September 1922 as a training carrier aircraft... Of Shanghai, Malaya and Java, strafed enemy troops and ships, two others were based on a hull! Were blasted, and the Indian Ocean anyway much larger, she was the famous! 1918 naval expansion program helped creating a true air group, manned by pilots. As fuel oil, but also 12 120 mm pieces in double turrets 22. Wage a war against the United States s construction capabilities day with torpedoes Ibuki was 80 % complete in 1945. To achieve air superiority to prepare the surface battle, in Kure, she was near-missed by USS Sculpin of...